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Entering production on the 27th September 1988 and completed two weeks later on the 12th October 1988.The car was finished in Rosso Corsa with crema hide and Bordeaux carpets .Optioned with a colour coded rear aerofoil ,air conditioning and the mandatory option of anti-lock brakes (ABS).Invoiced on the 1th October 1988,the car was transported to the UK- one of 292 ABS equipped 328 GTS from 542 cars officially imported by Maranello Concessionaires Ltd-First registered on the 11th January 1989 to then then Ferrari agents in Torquay, Devon, HA Fox. The then list price (1st January 1989) of £49,297.62 plus delivery charges, number plates and road tax was added to with air conditioning at £,1818.92, anti-lock braking-a mandatory option £1,618.87 and a rear aerofoil £311.45.
The car was sold on a few months later with less than 3,000 miles – (15th May 1989 when a pre delivery check was carried out)-to the second or first “proper” as yet unknown owner. By October 1991 it was owned by 47-year-old company director, Mr F C of Gloucestershire, now with some 4,000 miles. Ferrari agents, Graypaul sold the car two and half years later, to the next owner Mr U.P. J of London on the 10th January 1993 still with only 5,312 miles for £40,000, and then they resold fifteen months later to 29-year-old director, Mr S B of Essex on the 29th April 1994 with 6,750 miles for £45,750. Mr B appears to have owned the car for just over six years and 13,000 miles, when it passed to the next owner 31-year-old company director, Mr P R also of Essex on the 28th July 2000 with some 19,000 miles.
The seventh and penultimate owner Mr J W of Suffolk became the next owner on the 12th October 2002 with 25,480 miles purchasing the car directly from Mr Raindle for £31,000.
The final owner 49-year-old insurance underwriter Mr S G of Berkshire bought the car from a West London specialist on the 25th April 2008 with 27,000 miles.
The car is complete with factory original service book, hand books, leather wallet and both tool kits as well as past invoices and MOT certificates. The car is now fitted with a Larini sports exhaust.
Pininfarina paid particular attention to styling details that influenced the car’s CD and aerodynamic lift characteristics – with impressive results. Cabin ergonomics were improved and the shape of the seats revised to better suit the sporty driving style this type of car deserved. On all versions, low profile tyres and 16″ alloy wheels were available as an option.
The 328 GTS model, together with the fixed roof 328 GTB, were the final developments of the normally aspirated transverse V8 engine 2 seat series. The 328 figures in the model title referred to the total cubic capacity of the engine, 3.2 litres, and 8 for the number of cylinders. The new model was introduced at the 1985 Frankfurt Salon alongside the Mondial 3.2 series.
Essentially the new model was a revised and updated version of the 308 GTS, which had survived for eight years without any radical change to the overall shape, albeit with various changes to the 3 litre engine.
The 328 model presented a softening of the wedge profile of its predecessor, with a redesigned nose that had a more rounded shape, which was complimented by similar treatment to the tail valance panel. The revised nose and tail sections featured body colour bumpers integral with the valance panels, which reflected the work done concurrently to present the Mondial 3.2 models, with which they also shared a similar radiator grille and front light assembly layout. Thus all the eight cylinder cars in the range shared fairly unified front and rear aspects, providing a homogeneous family image. The exhaust air louvres behind the retractable headlight pods on the 308 series disappeared, coupled with an increase in the size of the front lid radiator exhaust air louvre, which had been introduced on the 308 Quattrovalvole models, whilst a new style and position of exterior door catch was also provided.
The interior trim also had a thorough overhaul, with new designs for the seat panel upholstery and stitching, revised door panels and pulls, together with more modern switchgear, which complimented the external updating details. Optional equipment available was air conditioning, metallic paint, Pirelli P7 tyres, a leather dashboard, leather headlining to the removable roof panel plus rear window surround, and a rear aerofoil (standard on Japanese market models).
In the middle of 1988 ABS brakes were made available as an option, which necessitated a redesign of the suspension geometry to provide negative offset. This in turn meant that the road wheel design was changed to accommodate this feature. The original flat spoke “star” wheels became a convex design, in the style as fitted to the 3.2 Mondial models, whether ABS was fitted or not.
Chassis and Engine
The main European market 328 GTS models had a tubular chassis with a factory type reference F 106 MS 100. Disc brakes, with independent suspension via wishbones, coil springs, and hydraulic shock absorbers, were provided all round, with front and rear anti roll bars. There were various world market models, each having slight differences, with right and left hand drive available.
The V8 engine was essentially of the same design as that used in the 308 Quattrovalvole model, with an increase in capacity to 3185cc, with a bore and stroke of 83mm x 73mm, and a type reference number F 105 CB 000. The engine retained the Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection system of its predecessor, but was fitted with a Marelli MED 806 A electronic ignition system, to produce a claimed power output of 270bhp at 7000rpm. As with the preceding 308 models the engine was mounted in unit with the all synchromesh five speed transmission assembly, which was below, and to the rear of the engine’s sump.
The 328 GTS continued in production for four years, until replaced by the 348 ts model in the Autumn of 1989, during which time 6068 examples were produced in the chassis number range of 59301 to 83136, the GTS production outnumbering the GTB version almost five to one. The early part of the series was numbered in the Ferrari odd number road car chassis sequence, and later examples (post chassis number 75000) in the continuous number sequence.
The nature of the design of the 308, combining elements of the Berlinetta Boxer and the 246 Dino, was of a pure sporting nature. It was strictly a two seater, with no pretence to being anything more.
The biggest surprise concerning the bodywork was the use of fibreglass for the main body shell (the front deck lid was the only exception, being of aluminium). The reason why this material was chosen has never been divulged by Ferrari, leading to a number of speculations. It was, of course, a weight-saver, and certainly an effective way to prevent the body corrosion, which plagued the 365 GTB/4 and 246 Dino (both, like the 308 GTB, designed by Pininfarina but built by Scaglietti). It has also been suggested that the use of fibreglass allowed production of the car to begin much earlier, but was never intended as anything more than a stopgap measure until the dies for steel bodywork could be produced. Finally, it has even been suggested that the first batch of 308 GTB's were in fibreglass so the car could be homologated for competition in that form, with again, a weight advantage. Whatever the reason, there were no complaints about the quality and finish of the fibreglass bodywork which was superb.
Mechanically the 308 GTB was obviously a direct descendant of the 308 GT Dino. The engine was the same 90 V8 with bore and stroke dimensions of 81mm and 71mm, giving a displacement of just under three litres. All main engine castings were of traditional Ferrari light alloy, with cast iron wet cylinder liners. It had four overhead camshafts (two per bank) driven by the toothed belts pioneered on the 365 GT4/BB, two valves per cylinder, and four Weber twin choke carburettors. The end result, the factory claimed, was 255 horsepower at 7700rpm.
It was mounted transversely, just ahead of the rear wheels, and transmitted its power through a five speed transaxle which was, again, identical to the 308 GT4 Dino's unit except for the higher fifth gear ratio. The clutch was a dry, single plate, mechanically operated unit. One major change, at least as originally introduced, was the adoption of a dry sump lubrication system for the engine. Finally, a change in the exhaust system resulted in only a single tailpipe, on the left side.
The chassis was also straight from the 308 GT4 Dino, with 210mm missing from the wheelbase giving a total wheelbase dimension of 2340mm.
Front and rear suspensions (and the track dimensions of 1460mm each) were also unchanged. Of course, the car had four-wheel independent suspension and disc brakes all round. New on the 308 GTB were the wheels, which copied the five-pointed star design of the Daytona but were mounted via five lug bolts.
One final innovation with the 308 GTB distinguished it from the 308 GT4 Dino. Whereas the first 308 had been seen as a continuation of the Dino as a separate marque, with the cars bearing a number of Dino badges and receiving chassis numbers in the even number five digit sequence of the 246, the new 308 carried only Ferrari badges and was numbered in the odd numbered sequence that so far had been reserved for only the 12 cylinder production Ferraris.
Whilst fuel injection had been a useful adjunct to performance in its previous applications by Ferrari, its introduction on the 400GT and 308 series cars had been more in the nature of a "civilising" factor with the important by-product of bringing the cars closer to current legislation on exhaust emissions. The resulting decrease in power, though bad enough in Europe, was even more telling in the US. Whilst speed limits might stay at unrealistic levels compared to the performance potential of a Ferrari, customers did not take kindly to continuing loss of power, no matter how worthy or otherwise the cause. In a move to restore power, Ferrari decided to introduce 4-valve heads for the 308 series. This came about in the latter part of 1982 shortly before they were seen on the Mondial. By way of identifying the cars the "i" was dropped from the designation at the rear - all the cars were by then fuel injected - in favour of the Italian script "Quattrovalvole". It has not so far been shortened to "QV" although that is the way they are generally spoken of.
Introduced at the 1985 Frankfurt Motor Show, the 328 V-8 has evolved through fuel injection and 4 valve heads from the unit introduced in 1974 to power the 308GT4. With the bore and stroke dimensions increased to 83mm and 73.6mm respectively, capacity was raised to 3185cc. Power went up to 270bhp at 7000rpm - an increase of some 12.5% - and torque to 224.2lbs/ft at 5500rpm - an increase of some 17%. A number of internal design modifications, including raising the compression ratio from 8.8 to 9.8:1, were incorporated.
Although in general outward appearance the new cars were very similar to the previous models, the opportunity was taken to improve those items that affect drag and stability. The front air intake for the radiator, brakes and air conditioning was redesigned. The bumpers were integrated into the underfaring and painted to match the colour of the car. The radiator air discharge was ducted into what was referred to as a 'defined area' under the bonnet in the interests of efficiency. New lights, which incorporated parking, turn and flashing as on the Testarossa were fitted. At the rear the bumper was painted to match the body and was also integrated into the underfaring along with the exhaust tailpipes and rear foglights.
Within the interior, the dashboard was a completely redesigned and new style door handle which incorporated the controls for the electric windows, exterior door mirrors and courtesy lights were used.
Whilst every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of the above details, we do not warrant that such details are accurate. You are therefore advised to independently verify them.
Copyright Mike Wheeler 2020
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